The retina is the tissue that lines the back of your eye. In order for you to interpret images you see into clear visuals, the retina must be intact. Your eye also contains vitreous, which is a clear gel that is in the middle of your eye. The vitreous is also attached to your retina. When the vitreous pulls on your retina, you can experience a tear. The result is a condition called retinal detachment.
Retinal detachment is a serious condition that can lead to vision problems, such as blurriness and blindness. Although retinal detachment can happen to anyone, certain groups are more at risk of developing it than others. If you are nearsighted, have glaucoma, or previously had cataract surgery, you are at a higher risk of developing the condition. A family history of retinal detachment is also an indicator that you could have the condition.
What Are the Symptoms?
One of the most noticeable symptoms of retinal detachment is the presence of a lot of floaters. Floaters are tiny spots or flecks that appear to float around in your line of vision. Other symptoms include sudden flashes in your vision or the appearance of shadows. You might also notice a sudden decrease in vision. If you notice any of these symptoms, it is important that you contact your eye doctor for an examination immediately, since the effects of the condition could be permanent if untreated.
How Is a Torn Retina Treated?
Retinal surgery is the most commonly used treatment for retinal detachment. There are different types of surgery, but the ultimate goal is to seal the retina so that it remains in place at the back of your eye. The surgeries are usually performed in your eye doctor's office and cause little discomfort. Without surgery, you could end up losing your sight permanently.
Laser surgery involves placing burns around the edge of the torn retina. As the retina heals, it is effectively sealed. Your doctor could also choose to use a freezing treatment. The freeze works in a similar fashion to the laser, except the area around the retina is frozen before it can start to heal. Your eye doctor can provide you with a timeframe for your recovery.
Failing to seek treatment as soon as you notice symptoms could have poor consequences for your vision. Fortunately, surgery can easily fix the problem and get your vision back on track. For more information, contact a group like Coastal Eye Group PC.